Cave Rock, Nevada
(photo courtesy of U.S. Forest Service)
Cave Rock near Lake Tahoe in Nevada has become a battleground pitting rock climbers led by the Access Fund against the Washoe Tribe. At the heart of the issue is the question of people's right to use federal land versus preserving spaces that Native Americans consider sacred.
Members of the Washoe Tribe have sought to have rock climbing banned as an activity at the site. The Wahoe Tribe says that "For us, rock climbing trivializes the site for the sake of sport," says Washoe tribal chairman A. Brian Wallace, 45. The Washoe believe that only a few shamans, who have carefully prepared themselves, should ever visit the site.
The Access Fund representing climbers contends that a climbing ban on Federal property is unconstitutional because it promotes religion.
What is most poignant about this case is that it pits two groups who are often disenfranchised against each other. Native Americans, who have often had their ancestral claims to land ignored and climbers who are often fighting to save popular climbing spots from being closed to climbers. OutdoorEd.com has put together a summary of the two viewpoints to help you think about the ethics of this issue.
LAKE TAHOE, Nev. - Recreational climbing at Cave Rock is about to be banned. Or is it? The final decision on the new rules rests in the hands of a federal judge.
In August, the U.S. Forest Service and the Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit concluded its long-awaited study and announced an immediate halt to climbing at Cave Rock, a site sacred to the Washoe Tribe located on the lake’s southeast shore.
But the ban has led to some serious backlash from the climbing community and is headed to a courtroom. Immediately after the decision a Tahoe-area climber and the Colorado-based advocacy group, the Access Fund, filed separate appeals challenging the ruling. Both were rejected by the Forest Service on Nov. 5 and now the Access Fund, a non-profit group that represents more than one million climbers nationwide, has filed a lawsuit.
"The Access Fund has reviewed the USFS’s closure of Cave Rock and believes the decision is unconstitutional. As a result, the Access Fund has been left with no alternative other than to file a lawsuit on behalf of the climbing community," organization leaders wrote in a November press release. The lawsuit was filed in federal court on Dec. 15 and will argue that "banning rock climbing at Cave Rock to support Native American spiritual practices is an unconstitutional establishment of religion."
The fate of Cave Rock climbing has been debated for years. The two sides had tried to settle on a compromise several times but couldn’t find common ground. The volcanic formation, known for its steep rock face and high difficulty routes, has been a popular rock-climbing destination for technically skilled climbers for decades.
But it’s that popularity and damage caused by climbers that has led to the closure, said Rex Norman, a Lake Tahoe Basin spokesman. According to the environmental impact statement, from which the decision is based, climbers have independently installed approximately 46 bolted climbing routes, many inside the sensitive cave and added a concrete floor all without prior consent from the Forest Service.
The report concludes saying that to provide the necessary immediate protection of Cave Rock’s cultural, historic and archeological resources which make the site eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, climbing there must end. The ruling also calls for the removal of all bolts, anchors and platforms installed in the rock. The sides have agreed, however, to allow climbing to continue there until the suit is settled or at least until late spring.
The Access Fund isn’t buying the Forest Service argument. They feel climbers are being blamed for all that has happened over the years and question why they’re being banned from the area when hikers, fishermen, picnickers and stargazers aren’t.
"Is it just climbing that offends the Washoe’s religious beliefs?" the Access Fund wrote in its failed appeal. "The Washoe believe that the presence of anyone at Cave Rock, except a few select Washoe shaman, endanger the lives of all people."
The appeal goes on to say, "the Washoe consider no part of Cave Rock as more or less special, but that all of its parts are equally important, and that hiking, fishing, scenic viewing, stargazing and other low impact activities ‘disturb the traditional users of the property.’"
Jason Keith, the Access Fund’s policy director, points out that the Cave Rock climbing guidebook asks users to "climb and behave in a respectful manner" citing its importance to the Washoe saying, "either treat it with respect and reverence or leave."
And since 1995, he says, his organization has been working with local climbers to identify a compromise that would keep Cave Rock open for climbing on a limited basis, while at the same time accommodating the religious interests of the Washoe.
Keith said Access Fund representatives have even met directly with members of the Washoe Tribe, and repeatedly suggested solutions similar to those in effect at Devils Tower in Wyoming, where voluntary closures are instituted for limited time periods out of respect for Native American religious practices, but their proposals were rejected.
Access Fund officials said it has been proven at Devils Tower and elsewhere that religious and cultural practices can co-exist with recreational activity on federal public lands. And it’s quite possible that if the ban is proven to be religion-based it will be overturned, Access Fund officials said.
But Norman, the Forest Service spokesman, denied the focus of the closure is on the climbing community and that it has anything to do with Washoe beliefs. He said the controversy is often portrayed as an "Indian religion versus climbers" issue but it is anything but that. In fact, he said, administrators never met with tribal members to discuss their religious beliefs in determining their management policy for the area.
"We know they have great reverence for the site but religion doesn’t enter into it, Native American or otherwise," Norman said. "If we are singling out anything we are singling out negative impacts. Not the people doing it."
Tim Seward, general counsel for the 1,600-member Washoe Tribe, said Cave Rock has historically been reserved for Washoe doctors and that only authorized shaman should enter the area. Seward said vandalism, graffiti and the overall abuse of the site has forever tainted it but said the Forest Service decision to ban climbers will help bring some respect back to the area.
"The tribe believes it is a thoughtful compromise," Seward said. "We are very pleased that the Forest Service has taken an interest and reached a decision that will protect the site from further harm."
The Climbing Ban from the U.S. Forest Service
Cave Rock Management Direction Final Environmental Impact Statement
Introduction: Cave Rock, a remnant of a volcano that erupted over three million years ago, is located on the southeastern shoreline of Lake Tahoe, in Douglas County, Nevada. This distinct landscape feature is sacred to members of the Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California, the native people of the Lake Tahoe Region. It is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places as a Traditional Cultural Property (TCP) and historic transportation district, as well as for its archaeological values. It is also a popular “sport climbing” area for local, national, and international rock climbers.
Forest Service action is needed at this time because some ongoing activities in the area are adversely affecting the integrity of the National Register-eligible properties. In addition, any long-term continuation of existing use restrictions require a National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) decision to implement.
The purpose of management actions is to protect the Cave Rock heritage resource and regulate uses there in a manner that, consistent with mandates and restrictions of law and regulation, preserves the physical and spiritual characteristics that make the property eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.
This Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will discuss whether to amend the Lake Tahoe Basin Land and Resource Management Plan (LTBMU Forest Plan) to restrict human activity on the National Forest at Cave Rock in order to protect the National Register-eligible heritage resources. It assesses alternatives that protect the heritage values to varying degrees and restricts public use there to varying levels.
Background: Substantial physical alterations at Cave Rock since EuroAmerican encroachment include: construction of roads above, around and through (two tunnels blasted to accommodate Highway 50) Cave Rock, construction of a boat launch facility at its base, and development of nearby (within one-half mile) urban housing subdivisions and commercial facilities. Cave Rock is considered by the Washoe Tribe to be a place of extreme power that should be avoided by all people except certain Washoe spiritual practitioners. In the 1990's the Tribe shared their concerns regarding threats to Cave Rock's traditional values by modern day uses. They alerted the Forest Service that rock climbing was occurring there, and that some tribal members consider such nontraditional activities, and other human presence there, desecration of a most sacred site.
Six alternatives were considered in detail by the Forest Service. Alternative 6 was adopted in July 2003 for implementation.
Alternative 1 – No Action/No Project: This alternative would allow continuation of existing management direction. The types of activities conducted on Cave Rock in recent years would continue without Forest Service interference or regulation. Climbing would continue without restriction.
Alternative 2 – Manage Sport Climbing to Reduce Effects on Cave Rock TCP: This alternative would manage Cave Rock consistent with the activities occurring at the time Cave Rock was determined eligible as a TCP. Under this alternative sport climbing would be allowed, however routes above the highway and several other selected routes would be removed. The installation of new climbing routes and the use of artificial light for climbing would be prohibited. The Forest Service would work with the climbing community to camouflage existing bright-colored and shiny climbing equipment to blend with the natural colors of the rock. If non-camouflaged equipment remains after 6 months following adoption of the management direction, it will be an indicator that the routes are not being used and the routes will be removed. Maintenance of the existing routes would be conducted only with permission of the Forest Service.
Alternative 3 – Phase-Out Sport Climbing Over 6-Year Period: This alternative would prohibit sport climbers from using Cave Rock, during a phase-out period of 6 years. The Forest Service would work with climbers to remove climbing equipment in stages (approximately 50 bolts per year) and fill the holes left by removing the bolts. Climbing would be allowed to continue when it can be done without the use of permanent technical equipment (e.g., fixed anchors). The installation of new routes, route maintenance, and climbing with artificial light would be prohibited.
Alternative 4 – Exclusive Washoe Use: This alternative would provide exclusive access to Cave Rock by spiritual practitioners of the Washoe Tribe only for their traditional practices. The National Forest at Cave Rock would be closed to all other recreational and public access. This level of privacy would maximize benefits to the tribe’s spiritual practitioners during their ceremonial uses at Cave Rock. Where resource conflicts occur, resolutions favoring the TCP would normally take precedence. Where conflicts occur between historic districts – where a decision will have an adverse effect on a district whichever way the decision is made – protection of the values of the TCP will take precedence.
Alternative 5 – Phase-Out Climbing Over 3-year Period: This alternative would manage activities at Cave Rock in a manner that minimizes the effects of modern activities and technology. Climbers would be prohibited from using Cave Rock during a phase-out period of 3 years. Alternative 5 would allow activities and protect, preserve, enhance, and interpret improvements that are consistent with the historic period at Cave Rock beginning with the arrival of the Washoe Tribe to Lake Tahoe through 1965, the year of Henry Rupert's death. (Henry Rupert was a Washoe spiritual practitioner whose association with Cave Rock contributed to its National Register eligibility). Activities and improvements that adversely affect the qualities for which the property was found eligible to the National Register would be restricted or removed. Thus, sport climbing would be prohibited as inconsistent with the setting, feel, and association of the historic property, while general public access would be allowed as it had occurred during the historic period. When conflicts between National Register properties arise, they will be managed in favor of the Cave Rock TCP.
Alternative 6 – Maximum Immediate Protection of Heritage Resources (Preferred Alternative): This alternative provides maximum immediate protection of heritage resources by managing cave Rock in a manner that minimizes the effects of modern activities and technology. All climbing, both sport and traditional climbing, would be prohibited immediately following adoption of the management direction. Alternative 6 would allow activities and protect, preserve, enhance, and interpret improvements that are consistent with the historic period at Cave Rock beginning with the arrival of the Washoe Tribe to Lake Tahoe through 1965, the year of Henry Rupert's death. (Henry Rupert was a Washoe spiritual practitioner whose association with Cave Rock contributed to its National Register eligibility). Activities and improvements that adversely affect the qualities for which the property was found eligible to the National Register would be restricted or removed. Thus, climbing would be prohibited as inconsistent with the setting, feel, and association of the historic property, while general public access would be allowed as it had occurred during the historic period. When conflicts between National Register properties arise, they will be managed in favor of the Cave Rock TCP.
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Online pharmacies in Canada offer a wide range of medication for pets too. Canadian pharmacies offer a facility of mailing medication to US pet owners. A pharmacy is allowed to mail maximum of a 90-day supply for prescription drugs as stated by US FDA and US Customs rules. It may be followed by 3 refills if such medication is prescribed for a year. There is no limit set on number of non-prescription medications, such as the ones used for flea prevention.
Prescriptions for Canadian pet drugs are valid for the duration specified by veterinarians and filled completely according to their directions. Canadian drug stores can also fill prescriptions for one year if they are written accordingly. Most pharmacies send a 90-day supply of pet medicines unless other directions are supplied by the prescribing veterinarian.
The quality of pet medicines is similar to what customers can get in U.S. Some pet drugs may have different brand names but have same generic composition. Pet owners are advised to refer to prices listed on the Web site. Most sites clearly state if a medication is a generic version of the brand name drug, so customers will know what they are getting.
The Canadian government is able to impose price control over the amount a pharmaceutical manufacturer can charge for brand-name drugs. A strict control over awarding approval for the sale of drugs restricts subsequent price increases.
Most pharmacies charge a shipping fee per package for an unlimited number of prescriptions if pet owners order the prescriptions by mail. All prescription drug prices include veterinarian charges and drug supply fees. If an owner purchases medication for more than one pet, each pet must have its own forms and prescriptions. However, phone consultations may be available for several pets at the same time and their drugs can be shipped together as well.
The modern urban lifestyle isn’t very suitable for our pets. Pollution, stress, depression, anxiety and unhealthy lifestyles are having a devastating effect on the lives of pets. Behavioral problems become a key issue in today's life, applicable to the owners as well as their pets. In the same way, physical ailments like diabetes, arthritis, chronic fatigue, digestive disorders, cystitis, kidney and liver disease, skin disorders, obesity, thyroid dysfunction and other problems are becoming more and more common in pets. As most of the pets are much more sensitive than human beings, a recent report says that even melancholy is a big problem in pets (although this is mostly referred to dogs).
Drugs and medications become major concerns if you want your pet to live a happy and healthy life. Just like humans, pets need proper health care to stay happy, healthy, and active. One should have a thorough knowledge regarding the potentiality of pet diseases, and should know more about flea prevention, hot spots, or hairballs. Pet supplies’ health-care resources make it easy to find answers to the most common pet health questions.
Pets are loyal companions and owners want to give them the very best. In America, pet health services are one of the fastest growing and profitable businesses. Medication and other supplies traditionally available only at the veterinarian or at pharmacies are now accessible through online pet pharmacies. These pet pharmacies offer wide-ranging drugs, flea powders and creams, supplements, and more. Many of them also offer discounts and free gifts, enticing owners to buy from them.
Buying medicines from an online shop is easy and convenient, but there are some precautions that you need to take. Get your pet a thorough check-up, and buy medicines only on the vet?s advice before you go shopping online. Some of the best reputed online stores take prescriptions directly from the vet, and pet owners benefit because the correct medicine and dosage is assured.
Over the Internet, buy only those medicines that have to be used long-term or are therapeutic. These would include drugs for chronic illnesses, grooming and flea powders, supplements, etc. Avoid buying drugs needed urgently as it takes a while to be delivered, and it would cruel to make a pet suffer while waiting for it to arrive.
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The 243 Winchester has been around for a long time. The .243 Winchester is a necked down 308 round and it inherits the overall good accuracy from the 308.
Bullets from 55 grains all the way up to 115 grain Match bullets are available for the 243. The most popular would be the 60 to 85 grain bullets designed for Varmints and the 95 to 105 grain bullets designed for Big Game.
Perhaps the survival of an old Singer sewing machine can be attributed to the fact that the company has always placed high regard not just on quality but also durability. They are made of the strongest materials, and they are highly resistant to any substance that can easily cause deterioration.
Featherweight Portable Singer: A Certified Old Singer Sewing Machine
One of the oldest Singer sewing machines is the Featherweight Portable. It was first launched in the market sometime in the 1930s. This portable sewing machine is paired with a 3-way table, with legs that are very strong.
Initially known as a child's push vehicle, the first patents for scooters were filed in the early 1900s for scooters which were propelled by pushing with one foot. At that time motors were not attached to the scooter. Technological advancements led to the development of small, low-powered gasoline engines which, when attached to the scooter and geared to the rear wheel provided a practical and affordable means of transport.
Motor scooters were invented and manufactured in Shangai after about five years of research and development. They were sold under the brand name of Razor Scooters. They were a huge success with waiting lists of up to six months for delivery.
Scooters were made from lightweight aluminum which could support heavy weights without bending. They had low-powered engines and small wheels. Brakes were applied by stepping on the rear fender. They were foldable and could be stored in small places.
Pedal cars are not just for play. These are handy and fun things to have around for your kid’s motor skills and hand-eye coordination. Find out more from here.
Get those pedal cars
Once the ball is on the fairway, players use irons to maneuver it through obstacles like sand traps, rough, through, and trees. Irons come in sizes according to their length; 1-4 irons are considered long irons, which provide more power. 5-7 are mid-irons, and 8-plus are short-irons. Also, the faces of irons are slanted at different angles to accommodate different terrain. For example, sand wedges have an angle of 54-58 degrees.
Because of their specific purpose, putters are a golfer's best friends. After the ball has made its way from the fairway to the green, it is the putter's job to ease it toward the hole. Because this moment proves so crucial during a game, players put a huge amount of emphasis on the quality of these clubs. These clubs have a flat face which provides smooth stroke, good glide, and bounceless topspin.
Golf bags are especially valuable for a player to transport their clubs. New bags come with wheels that make them easy to pull, but traditional golfers carry them. Pockets on the side also make it easy to store and transport items like extra balls, gloves and towels.
Golf shoes are another important type of golf equipment. These shoes have small spikes on the sole to help stabilize a player on wet grass. The spikes used to be made of metal, but replaceable soft spikes are becoming more common today. Actually, soft spikes are often required by golf courses because the cause less damage to the physical course.
Have you ever shot a bow in your life? If you haven’t, then you should give it a try. I have a lot of experience with this sport because I was introduced to archery when I was 14 years old and I’m still involved in it now that I’m 31. Well, you can’t blame me for doing it for more then fifteen years because it's really fun. Anyway, archery bows are not just for those who hunt deer or turkeys. Anybody can enjoy the experience of shooting a bow. To tell you the truth, I have never been hunting in my life. I only practice on targets that are made from hay bales. However, there are a lot of supplies that you should consider before you get too excited and turn into Robin Hood.
You are probably aware that the sport of archery dates back many centuries. In fact, the bow and arrow not only pre-dates the firearm because it also came before a lot of useful new-age weaponry. There are a few reasons why I personally love archery bows. The first one is that the bow and arrow are virtually silent. An obviously arrow travels completely different than a bullet. There's no loud noise involved but there may be a soft whip of the wind.
The traditional Christmas is always spent with sitting around the fireplace in the living room. However, now you can take you Christmas celebration out in the backyard. It will be twice as fun sitting around in the patio with warmth and even with barbeque. How do make this happen? Why, with an outdoor heater of course!
Outdoor heaters are one of the smartest investments to have in any home. Inexpensive and handy; these heaters provide you with warmth that's so much easier to start and maintain than a bonfire. No smoke will find its way into your eyes and clean up is as easy as turning a knob. Best of all, you can just leave the heater on and forget about it while you mingle with guests or cuddle with the other source of warmth in your life.
The types of heaters
There are four kinds of outdoor gas heaters to choose from: The Built-In Chimney, The Built-In Fire Pit, The Free Standing and The Table Top.
The Built in Chimneys are similar to indoor chimneys. However, they wont require you to manage the fire like the real ones. They have on and off buttons as well as temperature control.
Inflatable Kayaks offer the new kayaker a great way into the sport offering as they do both ease of storage and transportation at very competitive prices. With the advent of improvements in manufacturing techniques and the use of hi tech ultra light and strong materials they also offer the experienced kayaker a great level of choice.
Inflatable kayaks have diversified greatly to cover nearly all the major disciplines of kayaking including Inflatable white-water kayaks, which when fully inflated are difficult to tell apart from rigid recreational kayaks, designed with white-water kayaking in mind they have great manoeuvrability and offer the kayaker a quality ride in ruff water, many being fitted with semi rigid floor panels to add to the quality and tracking of the boat.
Inflatable Fishing Kayaks have also grown in popularity allowing a stable platform for anglers to fish waters they would not otherwise be able to reach and being easily transported in a back pack ready for inflation at the kayak anglers chosen spot. Inflatable ocean kayaks have also become a favourite with many yachts men carrying inflatable sea kayaks for travelling from mooring to shore and also widely used by sea kayakers for longer journeys.
The fishing reel is a very important piece of fishing gear and just like anything else it comes in many different styles and varieties from a wide array of manufacturers. Like other fishing tackle, fishing reels can be inexpensive or surprisingly expensive.
Having a good fishing reel is a key for successful fishing and there are a few types of reels on the market today which makes choosing one a little bit of a challenge. You can narrow this down a bit though by knowing what type of fishing your going to be doing. If you are taking up fly fishing and there are specific reels for that style of fishing but if you will be casting then you want to choose from one of the many spinning reels available.
Hunters have been using duck decoys to aid them in their hunts for centuries. Today, they are more popular than ever by hunters and collectors alike. However, unless you have the knowledge of using one, you need to know how to use duck decoys.
It is not advisable to use the same old decoy spread all through the season, this limits your decoying opportunities. Instead, look for tried and tested decoy setups that have been proven in different situations and locations through the hunting season which may help you kill more ducks and geese when you head out into the field.
Binoculars consist of numerous air to glass surfaces with each individual surface contributing to the loss of light. Coated lenses help prevent the loss of light with one or more of the surfaces being covered with one or more layers of anti-reflective coating. Never buy binoculars with uncoated lenses, the lack of coating means that around 50% of light could be lost.
Skimboarding has a rich history. What started over sixty years ago when Laguna Beach lifeguards used to skimboard on pieces of wood has evolved into a highly competitive water sport. Most people know skimboarding as "that thing you do on the sand," and while this statement is true, skimboarding has become so much more, it has become a real sport. Skimboarding has become part of growing up in Laguna Beach. Almost all of the kids in Laguna try skimboarding. Most don't keep practicing this sport but the ones who do are very dedicated to the sport.
Guns are an invention that radically changed the world. In fact, they can be viewed as the invention that marked the beginning of the modern era for humanity. Before firearms were discovered battles were still basically won or lost based on the physical strength and size of the warrior. After the invention of firearms everything changed.
If you are a collector of firearms then it is important that you stay on top of gun values. This way you will know when you have found a good deal and when a particular gun is overpriced. There are a lot of resources that you can turn to, to help you understand trends in the gun market. One of them is the Blue Book of Gun Values.
A berretta is a well known manufacturer and makes guns of high quality. The .25ACp caliber is generally considered ok as a back up gun, but is on the small side for a standard carry gun. I use a 1911 style .45ACP as my normal carry gun. I switch to a Walther PPK in .380ACP when my clothing won't hide a .45.
Most people carry a gun that fires a 9mm parabellum, because it is a little smaller than a .45ACP, and is still powerful enough for protection. Of course, a .25ACP gun is a lot better than no gun, but it is a little small to be recommended as normal carry gun. Hawes rim fires are not uncommon. That company is or was an importer of firearms manufactured. Many Hawes firearms were imported from Italy and were copies of American Civil War guns.
If you have hunting as a hobby , it can soon become an expensive hobby, with buying rifles, binoculars, accessories, hunting knives, getting outfitters consuming most of you money. No need to shun your hobby but look for options to reduce cost. One option to look for used rifles, which can be quite a bargain if done the right way.
A new rifle can cost you upwards of say $700 and it can up to $3000 generally. To slash this cost you need to find a dealer that carries used rifles. Make sure that dealer has the guarantee of the seller that the rifle has been put to gentle use. Most of the dealers will let you inspect the rifle before you buy it.
The knife is a crucial part of the kitchen. It has many uses, but the principal use of the tool is to cut. If you improperly, the knife can be very dangerous. Exercising proper knife care is one way that you can minimize the amount of catastrophic events that can take place in the kitchen.
Sharpening the Knife to Keep the Kitchen Safe
What is more dangerous, a dull knife or a sharp knife? The average individual would probably answer that a dull knife is much safer than a sharp knife. He would reason that a dull knife would not cause as much damage as a sharp knife, given the fact that it has a more difficult time cut through the material. In actuality though, the dull knife is more dangerous than the sharp knife.
Blast that belly fat! Well, you've probably been damning and blasting it anyway, but with Yellow Bullets, you can find a way to really blast that belly fat - and any other unwanted fat - into oblivion.
Yellow Bullets Quick Weight Loss Pills with Ephedra are almost a magic bullet for getting rid of those excess pounds that all of us seem to pack on. It's ironic, isn't it? The high-paying jobs that we all want to get into are the ones that involve sedentary lifestyles and long hours, making it harder to lose weight.
Have a need for a metal detector but tired of the usual choices? Well the place to go for any metal detector needs is Kellyco Metal Detector Superstore. This Kellyco metal detector store carries anything and everything that has to do with metal detectors.
No matter what kind of metal detector you need, the Kellyco Metal Detector Superstore has it. The fact that it calls itself a superstore is no exaggeration. The Kellyco Metal Detector store truly is the one stop shop for all your metal detector needs.
For the uninitiated, metal detectors save lives in more than one way. Security metal detectors are installed at entrances of buildings and at the airport to be able to detect suspicious baggage that may be carrying concealed weapons. More than that though, metal detectors are used to detect land mines.
When buying a food dehydrator you want to be able to get your full moneys worth out of it. A Food Dehydrator can be easy to use and you only need to know a few things about them. If you are looking to buy a new food dehydrator and even looking to upgrade your current one continue reading on and you may learn a few important tips that will help you find the right food dehydrator for you.
One of Magellan Portable GPS Receiver SporTrack Color is best for both outdoor and inside the car traveling. You see where you are going and where you've been in vivid, bright color. This particular product helps you navigate with better-quality tracking and precision, within three meters, which is what most navigational systems promise. However, the SporTrack Color says it will give you superior tracking even under complicated environmental issues such as mountains or in big cities. This gps receiver has a high resolution screen of 240 x 160 pixel display screen which enables you to find your location, heading and route quickly and without distraction. The cute little SporTrack Color also gives you a barometer which gives you an advantage over the weather and a novel 3-axis compass superior to none.
Gooseneck trailer hitches are used to haul irregularly shaped trailers that have frontal protrusions that stick out past the rest of the trailer. Gooseneck trailer hitches are some of the strongest on the market, often able to handle up to 30,000 pounds. These trailer hitches are not installed at the rear of a truck like conventional trailer hitches, but they do often use a similar hitch ball system to secure the trailer to the hitch.